What are Climacteric Fruits?

Fruit that, after being harvested, can ripen until rotting occurs is called climacteric fruit.

What are Climacteric Fruits?
Mango is a climacteric fruit (Pexels.com/MESSALA CIULLA)

Do you know what is meant by climacteric fruit?

Climacteric fruit is a fruit that, after being harvested, can ripen until rot occurs.

Some examples of common climacteric fruits include bananas, mangoes, apples, guava, and papaya.

On the other hand, non-climacteric fruits, such as strawberries, grapes and oranges, do not undergo significant changes after being harvested and cannot ripen significantly.

The difference in the ripening process after harvest between climacteric and non-climacteric fruit lies in the increased production of ethylene gas, which stimulates changes in climacteric fruit.

In climacteric fruit, ethylene gas triggers the ripening process and can cause the fruit to ripen and rot.

In contrast, in non-climacteric fruit, ethylene gas does not play a major role in the ripening process and does not trigger significant changes in the fruit.

Knowing the differences between these two types of fruit is very important in choosing the right time to harvest fruit, how to store fruit, and planning fruit marketing strategies.

For example, because climacteric fruit can ripen after harvest, determining the right harvest time can affect the quality and durability of the fruit when stored or sold.

Meanwhile, non-climacteric fruit is more suitable for consumption within a short time after harvest and does not need to be stored for too long.

In addition, understanding the differences between climacteric and non-climacteric fruit can help in planning appropriate storage methods to maintain fruit quality.

Ripe climacteric fruit can be stored at room temperature to extend shelf life, while non-climacteric fruit requires cooler temperatures to maintain quality.

In the context of fruit marketing, understanding the differences between these two types of fruit can help in planning the right marketing strategy.

Because climacteric fruit can be stored and shipped to more distant locations, marketing and distribution strategies can be adjusted to market needs.

On the other hand, non-climacteric fruit is more suitable for marketing within a short time after harvest and in locations closer to the harvest site.

Overall, understanding the differences between climacteric and non-climacteric fruit is essential in choosing the right time to harvest fruit, proper storage methods, and planning fruit marketing strategies.

By understanding these differences, farmers and traders can improve fruit quality and durability and achieve better profits in the fruit industry.